The Hemp Commerce & Farming Report
Volume 2, Issue 13, August 2000 ISSN 1488-3988
Part III of III


Fiber Ethics Directory ... the most comprehensive Eco manufacturer directory available;
Fiber Ethics Magazine … a quarterly print version of the fiber ethic industry
Fiber Ethics Online ... the Eco industries resource center
Fiber Ethics, 5523 Spring Garden Road, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 3T1
Tel: 902-868-1299, Fax: 902-868-1315
Web site: www.fiberethics.com

Hemp Germplasm Trials in Canada
Abstract for Bioresource Hanf (See Upcoming Events in this issue)
By Ernest Small and David Marcus

In 1999 we carried out the most extensive germplasm trial of hemp (Cannabis sativa) conducted to date in North America. In a licensed research location in southern Ontario, based on a randomised block design with four replicates, we grew 62 different accessions, comprising cultivars, seed bank accessions, breeding lines, and wild plants. These were evaluated for a number of agronomic characteristics indicative of the suitability of the plants for production of both fibre and oilseed.

Some of the accessions proved unfit as breeding stock for Canada, mostly because the maturation time was too late for the Canadian climate, but in some cases because the acceptable Canadian content limit of 0.3% THC was exceeded. There was a very wide range of development of traits that contributed to good fibre productivity and/or good oilseed productivity, and some previously uncharacterised accessions proved superior to some of the cultivars that have been authorised for Canadian cultivation.

Clearly, there is a huge reservoir of genetic variation available for improving hemp. We noted that seed productivity could be increased either by the strategy of short, unbranched plants grown in high density, or by the strategy of highly branched plants, but that both types of plants have limitations for dual usage, i.e. for also producing a crop of fibre. Several tall, late maturing, relatively unbranched plants seemed most suited for dual production of oilseed and fibre.

For the most part, all of the plants cultivated were very resistant to insects and diseases, but about 10% of the plants were infested by a stem-boring insect that caused the plants to develop numerous branches at the point of damage. The result was to delay maturation of these plants, but remarkably the overall size and seed productivity of the damaged plants were very significantly increased by comparison with the undamaged plants.

Ernest Small is one of Canada's longest serving hemp researchers. He is based out of AAFC's Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre in Ottawa; David Marcus (Natural Hemphasis) is a hemp consultant based of Toronto and acting President of the OHA.


Wild and Woolly: Feral Hemp from Nebraska. These pictures are from a huge gallery presented at http://natan.net/NebraskaIndustrialHemp/aFOHMindex.htm part of http://hempmuseum.com an excellent site managed by Dr. Brooks Kelly (admin@hempmuseum.com) . Kelly writes that he is "surrounded by millions of acres of the stuff" and that he plans to be adding more pictures to the archive as time allows. Look for contributions by Dr. Brooks in upcoming issues of this journal.

Feral Hemp Project Update
by Dr. Alexander Sumach

We've learned a lot about ditchweed politics since Health Canada hinted we were running a few red lights soliciting the public for wild hempseed without proper permits (April 2000; also see May 2000 letter in HCFR from the hemp office).

To our readers: we share your keenness for identifying and studying the wild hemp gene pool of North America and the value of locating feral populations and gathering seed for replication trials. We have asked for wild hempseed from a hemp-loving backwoods public and would forward viable samples to Canadian government agricultural specialists.

We were reminded that Cannabis is a controlled substance, and while hemp is legal in Canada, feral hemp — aka ditchweed — is not on the Health Canada approved industrial hemp varieties list. Therefore ditchweed is not hemp and by default is technically marijuana.

In order to diddle with wild hemp, players will pass through uncharted squeeze points to legally seek, retrieve and forward wild hempseed. Even if the seed is a civic gift to our own government scientists. No can do dudes.

Our modern hemp industry enjoys a good working relationship with a supportive and knowledgeable government that will do anything for hemp except spend money. Do-it-yourself hemp fieldwork is a good idea for our new hemp industry but presents a legal nightmare of overlapping policy priorities for the authorities.

The upshot is that Ottawa might be entitled to grow all the many kinds of Cannabis they want legally, and be thereby be able to conduct studies of feral hemp but they are unable to access the very rare and authentic wild hemp so desirable for legitimate breeding.

Meanwhile, the loyal are cautious of displaying Cannabis knowledge to traditional enemies. Feral hemp remains a closely guarded secret of the First Nations, hunters and the rural marijuana growing community. These groups are agreeable to surrendering wild hempseed to the government, as long as they can do so indirectly. They are keen on the potential of feral genes entering hemp breeding channels and wonder what will become of their offerings if research discovers something interesting.

However, Canadian authorities, committed to conforming to continental drug eradication strategies, are obliged to destroy all unlicensed Cannabis without discretion. For agents of the law, once feral hempseed has been harvested by licensed collectors, correct procedure requires them to rip it up, burn or otherwise destroy the plants!

It is hoped that a comprehensive collection permit issued next year will allow our team to walk among the guardians of wild hemp without rebuff and to deliver seed to a qualified replication project. This year, we are unlicensed! We want to be able to do fieldwork without having to spend the weekend in jail for ditchweed rustlin'.

There is a lot of genetic potential out there. One interesting feature of feral hemp is rapid maturation. We have observed feral Ontario hemp that shed pollen 33 days after germination. Short day length adaptation suggests that the plants have been naturalised in the target area for a considerable length of time.

So where did that feral hemp come from? Not all of it was runaway war production or even Colonial era holdouts.

Certain feral hemp might be remnants of indigenous New World hemp populations lingering in choice locations since remote times. Wild Hemp was reported growing in many parts of Eastern Canada when Europeans first arrived ... Old World hemp had apparently arrived in the new world long before Columbus, perhaps soon after hemp culture itself arrived in the northern Europe from Central Asia.

Proponents of Pre-Columbian Eurasian contact in the Americas consider feral hemp an important botanical clue supporting trans Atlantic contact and trade in ages past.

The HCFR is proposing that wild hemp should be public domain and there should be a prohibition on non-public ownership. This point might as well be debated right up front before accession titles are raffled off to recover costs of development as the private sector would jump in if feral hemp demonstrated any marketable features. Considering that all licensed cannabis cultivation is monitored and seed pedigree tracked, we request that initial and forthcoming feral hemp accessions be designated public property and no individual or organisation be permitted to assume title on any resulting wild hemp derivative. Biopirates need not apply.

When considering the choice of surrendering feral seed to leftover prohibition-era directives or facing the consequences for unauthorised collection, we leave that one to a few good field agents to decide. And if you know where wild hemp grows in your area, and would agree to provide some seeds for legitimate research trials, please contact the HCFR editor arthurhanks@hotmail.com for details


West Hemp (B.C.) Cooperative
"Live What You Believe"

Hemp Shorts

Don't hold onto your shorts! Do you have a new product, an announcement or some great news that you would like to share with the rest of the industry? It could be a great Hemp Short! Let the HCFR know about it... contact hcfr@sasktel.net with your info.

Hemp Diseases and Pests:
Management and Biological Control

J. M. McPartland (University of Vermont), R.C. Clarke (International Hemp Association) & D.P. Watson (HortaPharm B.V.)

As the hemp industry lurches towards maturity, many of the myths associated with the plant are held up to more rigorous examination. One of the most enduring of these myths, of course, is that "hemp is a nearly disease and insect-free plant". Clocking in at a hefty 272 pages, Hemp Diseases and Pests (ISBN: 0851994547), convincingly smashes that assertion, BUT responsibly leaves the reader with the tools and strategies to deal with common and obscure plant afflictions.

pests.gifSpending several years on this project, McPartland et al have produced a useful and beautiful tome. Their work combines a review of the relevant literature published over the past half century with modern information on biological control techniques (the 22-page bibliography might be worth the cost of the book itself to some). Each pest and diseases organism is presented in similar, encyclopaedia-style format. Entries cover factors like economic impact, geographical and host-plant range, plant symptoms, taxonomic description, life history, and differential diagnosis. Excellent line drawings and photographs (including 86 colour plates) complement the information.

As well, introductory chapters describe general principles of plant protection, requirements for
healthy plant growth and the taxonomy of parasites and pathogens. Refreshingly, the authors write "To control pests and diseases, we consider chemicals to be a last resort. We prefer cultural techniques, mechanical methods and biological controls". It is a common hope in the industry is that hemp will be grown as a chemical free crop — both in considerations for health and farm ecology, as well as for the reduction of expensive inputs — this is a welcome message.

Thorough, colourful and engrossing, Hemp Diseases and Pests is a hemp publishing event. Recommended.

Published by the UK's CABI publishing, (www.cabi.org), the book's price weighs in at US $90.00 but is well worth the price for the quality of information. North American buyers should check first at Oxford University Press, www.oup-usa.org, and search for " hemp".

B) Ethics in Action nominates two west coast businesses

In a rapidly changing in world, good corporate citizenship is crucial and new business models that balance principle with profits are needed. Ethics in Action is a program designed to award and recognise corporate social responsibility.

For this year's EIA awards, two companies working with hemp in BC were nominated: cottage manufacturer and specialty distributor The GreenMan Paper Mill and eco-retailer Fiber Options.

The GreenMan Paper Mill: By carrying only nonwood paper, i.e. only paper made wholly from agricultural crops or blends of nonwood with post-consumer waste fibre, GreenMan is helping to reduce the demand placed on our remaining forests. The company also has its own lines of specialty handmade papers made from the off cuts of the nonwood sheet paper they distribute thus adding value to waste material. Office paper from the company's own in-house recycling program lands up in their products, employees compost organic waste, and reuse packing materials discarded by companies in the area.

Apart from being socially and environmentally responsible, education according to GreenMan is the key to empowering others to make informed choices in their daily lives. The GreenMan regularly holds demonstrations at public festivals, hosts company tours, and works with farmers to create clean fibre for paper. (For more information, check out www.nonwoodpaper.com )


(L: papermaking at the GreenMan, R: smiles suggest that "retail doesn't suck")
Photos by Joshua Berson (EIA)

Fiber Options: Fiber Options is not just another retail outlet. It's a store that sells only environment friendly and socially responsible products. Inspired by the Clayoquot Sound region's challenge to make the shift from a resource economy of primarily logging and fishing to one that is more diverse and sustainable, Gord Johns opened Fiber Options in Tofino in April 1997. It actively promotes consumer awareness and choice through its product line, through information made available to consumers at the store, and through community involvement.

The products include clothing and accessories made from industrial hemp and organic fibres, along with natural body care products, value added wood items, tree-free paper products and many other environmentally friendly alternatives to mainstream consumer products. In 1998 additional stores were opened in Whistler and Saltspring Island. Fiber Options is unique amongst the businesses on Vancouver Island's west coast in leading the movement to integrate social, ethical and environmental factions into business operations. (For more information call 250-725-2192 (Tofino) or 604-905-3181 (Whistler).

For more information about EIA, check out www.ethicsinaction.com or contact: (Ontario) Susan Antler, Tel: 416-535-6710, Email: santler@ethicsinaction.com; (BC): Liz Siddle Tel: 604-731-9358, Email: liz@ethicsinaction.com.

C) International Hemp Journal Yearbooks Released

New perfect-bound compilations of HempWorld Magazines from 1996, 1997 & 1998 cover the most tumultuous years in the history of the modern-day hemp industry. Highlighting each book is an introductory essay written by Publisher Mari Kane, who describes the dynamics of hemp industry players and the legal and political obstacles they've striven to overcome.

In the 1996 Yearbook she writes:

"We were cutting-hedge eco-entrepreneurs, the coolest of the cool, mixing business with pleasure while ready to do battle with Uncle Sam over a plant that's been cultivated for thousands of years. At that time, many of us still ascribed to the notion that, armed with enough history, facts and logic, we could persuade the federal government to exempt industrial hemp from the Schedule One drug laws. Boy, were we naive."

( Highly Recommended: Read the pithy and quite frank yearbook essays posted at www.hemppages.com/Yearbook.html )

Santa Barbara Hemp Company will be the exclusive marketing agent for all HempWorld, Hemp Pages and International Hemp Journal Yearbooks. "What excites me about marketing Mari Kane's publications is the chance to spread the word about hemp, and the International Hemp Journal and Hemp Pages are the first and last words on hemp," said proprietor Steve Levine.

For more information contact Mari Kane at mari@hemppages.com or Steve Levine at sbhempco@gte.net .

D) Webworthy:

Where do you want to go today? How does Germany sound? Check out www.meome.de/hanf


Association News

Alberta New Crops Network Created

The Alberta New Crops Network has been formed, following several months of province-wide meetings, consultations and discussions, Representatives of several groups, including the Alpine Herb Growers; Native Plant Producers Association; Peace Value Added Food & Ag Association; Organic Crop Improvement Association; Alberta Ginseng Growers; Flower & Herb Growers Association of Alberta; Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development; the Olds College Centre for Innovation; as well as individual producers, participated in the network's formation. All will be part of this new umbrella group.


The mission statement of the new organisation, which is registered under the not-for-profit Societies Act, is "to provide identity, marketing support, education and networking opportunities to members for the development of the new crops industry in Alberta".

Trace Johnston has been elected the first president of this new organisation. Johnston is the owner of Bedrock Seed Bank, and past president of the Alberta Flower and Herb Growers Association. Those with questions about this emerging group should call either Trace Johnston at 780-448-1722 (email: tracej@telusplanet.net) or Dr. Stan Blade at 780-422-1789 (email: stanford.blade@agric.gov.ab.ca ).

Check out the Alberta New Crops Network at: www.newcropsnetwork.org

As an American-based industry lobby group, The North American Industrial Hemp Council has been frequently criticised for keeping a remarkably low public profile during the dramatic events of the last year. According to NAIHC President Erwin "Bud" Sholts: "Much of what NAIHC has been doing the past year has been behind the scenes. It's not that we are ashamed of what we are doing, but it's the nature of the politics that surrounds industrial hemp." The following update is an abridgement of a letter that was recently sent out to NAIHC supporters. For the full text, contact HCFR editor at arthurhanks@hotmail.com

NAIHC is attempting to thread a needle while balanced on a tightrope over a minefield. (It's not impossible, but it is damn difficult.).

We are threading our way between through government bureaucracies who don't want to admit they are in error in classifying industrial hemp as a drug. The tightrope we walk is stretched between those who believe that all varieties and uses of Cannabis sativa are bad and those who believe that all uses of C. sativa are good. The minefield is the public, which has strong views on the subject, not all of which are internally consistent or with each other.

NAIHC has carefully avoided, and will continue to avoid, being drawn into the drug war by either side. Our position — well backed by science and the experience of 30 other industrial democracies — is that industrial hemp is not a drug and need not be classified as a drug.

Earlier this year, NAIHC held discussions with US Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey. Several other NAIHC board members and I had a meeting with him. We thought we had convinced him of the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana and that NAIHC and our allies had no interest in legalising marijuana. We left the meeting convinced by McCaffrey's statements that change was imminent. Such has not turned out to be the case. Since that meeting in May 1999, McCaffrey has continued to seek to confuse the public on the industrial hemp issue.

So what's the plan for necessary breakthrough to again allow US farmers to grow industrial hemp and to allow US industrialists to use it, both in a cost-effective manner?

Erwin A. "Bud" Sholts is the Chair of the NAIHC. He can be reached at chair@naihc.org




Buy a piece of Hemp History! Canada's First Hemp Fibre Textiles. Ontario Fibre, spun and woven in Quebec into beautiful blankets and Hammocks. Contact the Hemp Club Inc. at thehempclubthc@hotmail.com


Catch the next issue (#9) of the Carbohydrate Economy newsletter, coming out August 2000. Check out what you are missing at http://www.carbohydrateeconomy.org


Shedding light on all things cannabis: www.chrisconrad.com


Subscribe to the Global Hemp News Digest, from Globalhemp.com. Excellent, free bi-weekly news service, reporting on a wide range of "global hemp news". Email: info@globalhemp.com


Reach a wide qualified audience through advertising in the HCFR. Sponsorship and Supporting positions also available. Marketplace special! Have your link and message here for as low as $20 per issue. For more information, please email: hcfr@sasktel.net


Get online! Online but not on the web? Need to give your non-profit group an Internet presence? Terry Lefebvre of Hemptrade is offering FREE web page hosting for industrial hemp-related sites, as well as layout, set up and administration for all sites at reasonable rates. Contact Terry at hempmaster@hemptrade.com for more info.


Self-starters only: The HCFR is looking for the right person for our advertising/marketing team. Grow with us! Please send resume and cover letter to hcfr@sasktel.net



Hedron Analytical, paulh@istar.ca
Fresh Hemp Foods, info@hemperor.com
Fibrex Québec , info@fibrexquebec.com
Hemp Oil Canada, hempoilcan@escape.ca
Gen-X Research, sasha@gen-xresearch.com
HempCyberfarm, matthew@HempCyberfarm.com
Westhemp BC Cooperative info@westhemp.bc.ca
Fiber Ethics Magazine, dredwood@fiberethics.com
BioHemp Technologies Ltd., jfreeman@biohemp.com
Greenman Nonwood Papermill, greenman@lynx.bc.ca
The North American Industrial Hemp Council, info@naihc.org

Tell them you saw it in the HCFR!

Upcoming Events

August 19-20 : CHFA Mini Expo West, Edmonton, Alberta

To be held at the Shaw Conference Centre. For details check out www.chfa.ca

September 8 - 11: HIA Convention 2000, Ontario


The 7th Annual HIA Convention 2000 will again be held in Ontario at Hockley Valley's Ecology Retreat Center, near Toronto, is the venue. The event features a unique blend of high-level networking and presentations to provide practical insight and information that will help you build your business. At this gathering, premier hemp leaders and executives will discuss key business, operational and strategic issues.

Topics include:

HIA Convention 2000 Coordinators:
Larry Duprey (The Hemp Club/Chanvre en Ville) larryduprey@yahoo.com
Ruth Shamai (The Natural Order and R&D Hemp) ruth@thenaturalorder.com
James Enkin (Spirit Stream Trading Co.) info@spiritstream.com
Candi Penn, Registrar (HIA Exec. Sec.) info@thehia.org & 707-874-3648, Fax: 707-874-1104

September 12-14: Canada's Outdoor Farm Show - Woodstock, Ontario

Canada's largest outdoor farm show will host industrial hemp for the third year at the University of Guelph's Woodstock Research Station, and is being sponsored for the first time by the Hemp Industries Association and the Ontario Hemp Alliance. A demonstration hemp field will be on display and will be complemented by a Hemp Information Tent and the vendor's village: a great opportunity to display, vend products, and promote industrial hemp. The Ontario Hemp Alliance will also be hosting its inaugural general meeting in conjunction with Canada's Outdoor Farm Show on September 12th. For details please visit www.OntarioHempAlliance.org. Also, be sure to check out the organics pavilion!

For vending opportunities at the Hemp Tent, contact Larry Duprey (The Hemp Club/Chanvre en Ville) at larryduprey@yahoo.com> . For more information about the Outdoor Farm Show, call 1 800 563 5441, or check out www.outdoorfarmshow.com

September 13-16: Bioresource Hemp 2000, Wolfsburg, Germany


The world's largest scientific-technical symposium on hemp, BIORESOURCE HEMP®, will open its doors for the third time in 2000. 250 participants in 1995 and 350 participants in 1997 from more than 20 countries visited the BIORESOURCE HEMP®.

For the 2000 symposium, organisers are expecting about 400 participants. Bioresource Hemp 2000 will be held at the conference center in Wolfsburg, Germany from September 13-16, 2000 as part of the Worldwide EXPO-2000 project "Kreislaufwirtschaft-Resource Management" (closed-Loop Economy).

The symposium will focus on the following topics:

In all, a total of 80 technical presentations will be given by the best specialists in the world. Full program and more details can be found at www.bioresource-hemp.de .

Tri Tec GmbH, Ph: 49-234-935 79 73, Fax: 49-234-935 79 75, E-mail: register@bioresource-hemp.de , www.nova-institut.de/bioresource-hemp /

September 22-26: Natural Products Expo East 2000, Baltimore, Maryland

New Hope Communications- Ph: 303-939-8440 x 161 or 228, Fax: 303-939-9559, www.naturalproductexpo.com .

October 4-6: 3rd Annual Ag Fiber Technology Showcase, Memphis, Tennessee.

Held at the Cook Convention Center (Oct.4-5) for workshops and exhibits, and at Agricenter International (Oct. 6) for field tours of test crops (including Kenaf, Roselle and Sunn hemp). Bast fibre crops such as kenaf, hemp and flax will be a key topic of the event.

Exhibitors will include numerous bast fibre separating and processing companies and marketing firms. Participating companies include: Durafibre, Fibrex, Flaxcraft, Hempline and Stover Equipment.

Presenters at the event include:
Keynote speaker: Dr. Ray Berard, Senior VP of Technology Interface Research Corporation Geof Kime, President, Hempline Inc., Ontario, Canada: Commercialisation of Industrial Hemp in Canada (1994-2000)
Hugh McKee, President, Flaxcraft Inc., New Jersey: Marketing of Bast Fibres to the Automotive Industry
Roy Dodd, Ph.D., Clemson University, South Carolina: Enzyme Processing of Flax Grown for Fibre
Nancy Kerr, Ph.D., University of Alberta, Alberta: Properties of Industrial Hemp Fibre Research
Jean Louis Gratton, B.Sc., Winnipeg, MB, Canada: Industrial Hemp Fibre Research at University of Manitoba
Brian Baldwin, Ph.D., Mississippi State University, Mississippi.: Kenaf, Roselle and Sunn hemp Research

Other presenters of note include (not an exhaustive list):

Jeanne Trombly, FiberFutures
Bill Schuermann, AgriMarketing Magazine
Jeffrey W. Gain, Blue Ridge Company
Peter Hopkins, Gargan Communication Group
Carl Eckert, Kline & Co. Inc.,
Brian McLeod, Vice President, Panel Source International
Chris Vancil, Vancil Brothers Farm,
Timothy Niedermann, Fibrex Quebec

For more information, contact Peter Nelson of Agro-Tech Communications, Ph: 901-757-1777, email: fiber@netten.net , http://www.agfibertechnology.com

October 4: 1st Annual Non-Wood Pulp and Paper Symposium, Memphis, Tennessee.

This first year event is being held in conjunction with the Annual Ag Fiber Technology Showcase. The symposium aims to catalyse: the utilisation of non-wood fibres to add unique or improved characteristics to pulp & paper products; development of new markets for residual straw; and education about the potential of non-wood fibres in the pulp and paper industry.

"There has been a huge increase in recent years in the number of wood products companies interested in utilising cereal straw, processing wastes and other agriculturally based fibres in the manufacture of a wide range of pulp and paper products," says organiser Wade Chute, Alberta Research Council. "It is the goal of this event to present the latest information concerning the viability of agricultural fibres in the pulp and paper marketplace, while exposing attendees to a wide range of new technologies displayed at the 3rd Annual Ag Fiber Technology Showcase."

Speakers committed to present at webtime include:
Michael Brown, Cellulose Procurement, Buckeye Technologies, Inc., of Memphis, Tennessee;
Med Byrd, Director Applied Research, Wood and Paper Science Dept., North Carolina State University;
Frank Riccio, President, Danforth International, 1999 Chairman of the TAPPI Nonwood Paper Committee;
Eric Xu, Andritz Inc., Springfield, Ohio;

For more information, contact Wade Chute, director of Agrifibre Research, Alberta Research Council, chute@arc.ab.ca

October 26-29, 2000: CHFA Expo East, Toronto, Ontario

To be held at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre. Trade Show Guide will be soon be posted. Check out www.chfa.com

November 2-4, 2000: North American Industrial Hemp Council, Annual Meeting and Conference 2000, Rosemont, Illinois.


To be held at Radisson Hotel O'Hare in Rosemont IL . This fifth annual meeting and conference of the North American Industrial Hemp Council (NAIHC) is an opportunity to learn more about annual industrial fibre crops and to network with notable North American and European agricultural and industrial experts. Exchange ideas, discuss opportunities and explore the economic potential of industrial hemp for farmers and industry. The conference will allow farmers, researchers, industry and public policy makers to form educational networks for the advancement of industrial hemp as a renewable agricultural fibre.

A membership business meeting on November 2, 2000 will precede the conference session on Nov 3-4. The trade show will run for all three days.

For more information check out www.naihc.org or contact NAIHC - Theresa, PO Box 259329, Madison, WI 53725-9329 Tel: 608-224-5137, Fax: 608-224-5111 Email: theresa@naihc.org

TBA: November 9th, Horticultural Congress, Edmonton. Alberta
Produced by Alberta New Crops Association. More info soon.

January 26-28, 2001: 20th Annual Organic Conference, Guelph, Ontario

20 Years & Growing. Keynote Speaker: Dr. Ann Clark "The Road Ahead for Organic Agriculture". Two day exhibition; 95 exhibitors are expected: January 27th and 28th. Contact Tomás Nimmo organix@georgian.net or check out www.gks.com/OrgConf/

Catch a great list of North American Trade Shows at:


Contact Arthur Hanks, HCFR Editor, at arthurhanks@hotmail.com with details

READER'S FEEDBACK: Keep us honest and write us. Let us know what you think about our formats, articles, coverage, tone, delivery, coverage and everything we are doing. We appreciate all letters and emails, though we can't reply to them all. Please write to arthurhanks@hotmail.com



Publisher: HCFR Publishing, 2035 Athol St., Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4T 3E6

Editor: Arthur Hanks arthurhanks@hotmail.com
Sales, Sponsorship, and Distribution: hcfr@sasktel.net
Associate Editor: Dr. Alexander Sumach rheading@becon.org
Editorial Assistance Kristen Johnson, mondmaschine@excite.com

CONTRIBUTORS THIS ISSUE: Joshua Berson, Jon Cloud cloudmtn@interlog.com , John Howell jhowell@hempwell.com , Dr. Brooks Kelly admin@hempmuseum.com , Lucie Letourneau info@canolio.com , Jack Moes agventure@mb.sympatico.ca , Sasha Przytyk sasha@genx-research.com , Ron Schnider ron@westhemp.bc.ca , Erwin A. "Bud" Sholts chair@naihc.org ,Conrad von Zirkwitz conrad@biodynamic.ca

SUBMISSIONS: Submissions are most welcome. Please contact HCFR editor, Arthur Hanks, at arthurhanks@hotmail.com , with your story, research or information for inclusion in the HCFR. Please note we are always looking for good quality pictures and photos, submitted preferably in GIF or JPEG format.

DISTRIBUTION: The HCFR is available for free to interested parties only on the Internet. Direct subscription for this issue is 1,700+. We encourage associations working in the industry to circulate the HCFR to their members.

Other non-profit use is encouraged.

THE HCFR ON THE WWW: Back issues of the HCFR can be found at these leading industrial hemp web sites: Hemphasis.com, GlobalHemp.com, HempCyberFarm.com, Hemptrade.com, Nonwoodpaper.com and Thehia.org.

Check out our back issues posted at:


Thanks to David Marcus, Terry Lefebvre, Eric Pollit, Matthew Huijgen, Candi Penn and Mark Bologna for their dedicated work on making needed information available.

SUBSCRIPTION INFO: To subscribe directly to the HCFR, please email hcfr@sasktel.net with SUBSCRIBE in your message line. We will keep you posted about the latest news, alerts and special offers. If you no longer want to receive email about Canada's hemp industry, please email us at the same address, message line UNSUBSCRIBE.


NEXT ISSUE: October 5th, 2000

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